1. What are Non-Conventional Renewable Energy (NCRE)?
Non-Conventional Renewable Energy is a type of energy that in its processing and use are not consumed in a human time scale. This is because natural sources have an immense amount of energy or because they can regenerate in natural cycles.
According to Article 225 of the 20.257 law of regulation and NCRE development, Chile considers these primary sources as Non Conventional Renewable Energy:
2. Why it is considered that the energy produced by Hidromaule is renewable? How to generate energy?
The energy produced by Hidromaule is renewable because the main resource (water) is returned to flow from where it was taken, continuing the natural cycle of channels without altering the ecosystem and farmers activity.
An hydroelectric station exploits the natural power of water, which drives a turbine that generates electricity. This electricity is transported through power lines, feeding directly to the central grid.
3. What is a hydroelectric station and how it differs with other plants?
A hydroelectric station is a method of generating electricity harnessing natural course and gradient of a river (in this case waterways), without interfering negatively the environment.
Hydroelectric stations do not require large dams, which occupy hefty lengths of land, destroying flora and fauna in the process. Step plants only divert water through pipes.
The water used is returned in full to the original stream that was obtained, without generating negative impacts on the environment. This allows water resources to serve other purposes as agricultural irrigation.
4. What is the "installed capacity" of a hydroelectric station?
It refers to the maximum amount of electrical energy generated and produced by the hydroelectric plant equipment. In the Lircay Hydroelectric case, its technology allows a maximum of 16 Mega Watts (MW).
5. How much energy produces Hidromaule? And who will benefit?
If its three Hydroelectric Stations are in operation, Hidromaule may produce up to 210 Gigawatt / hour (GW / h) per year.
This amount of energy goes directly to the Central Interconnected System (SIC), endowing the power consumption of about 70.000 households.
6. What does it mean that Hidromaule has registered its plants in the United Nations Clean Development Mechanism? What rights and responsibilities does this include?
It means that the hydroelectric stations have been recognized as a mechanism to meet the CO2 reduction targets, given by Kyoto Protocol and framed in the selling of carbon bonds.
Hidromaule counts with two hydroelectric plants (Lircay y Mariposas) registered in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in approval process.
It also means that the hydroelectric stations are considered non-conventional renewable energy (NCRE) generators. Hidromaule is recognized by law 20,257 to the development of Non Conventional Renewable Energy.
7. What are carbon credits? What does imply that Hidromaule can sell their carbon credits?
Carbon credits are an international mechanism designed to reduce pollutant emissions. This system considers the right to emit greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide CO2) as a redeemable good, well defined and priced by the market.
Each carbon credit represents the right to emit one ton of CO2 and, like any other commodity, can be sold or bought. Thus, companies that pollute less or reduce their emissions are benefited, while those that do more than their allowed quota, must pay to acquire more rights.
Sale of carbon credits is one of the three mechanisms proposed by the Kyoto Protocol to reduce greenhouse gases that cause global warming.
More information on “Environment”
8. What is the association between Hidromaule irrigators and Canal Maule?
This alliance is an agreement on the use of water on irrigators property reunited is Canal Maule Association to generate electricity. This agreement is a payment for the use of these rights, which are carefully defined. Hidromaule cannot hold more water than what was agreed with the irrigators.
9. How farmers and Maule irrigators can be benefit with the company’s activities?
The main benefit is related to the income that Canal Maule Association receives for the use of water rights for power generation purposes.
These resources enable the activities that, even before the agreement, couldn’t be carried out (improving infrastructure, hiring more workers, etc).
In addition, Hidromaule has optimized ancient water channels, so farmers and Maule irrigators have been benefited with the reduce of water loss, which has improved irrigation and efficient agricultural production.
10. How Hidromaule agrees with the community?
Hidromaule is convinced of the value of a healthy relationship with the community. In that sense, it is committed to the educational and cultural development of the residents of San Clemente, especially with children, schools and highly vulnerable groups.
To that end, the company has developed a strong Corporate Social Responsibility plan, which aims to contribute positively to the lives of residents of San Clemente and contribute in the areas of greatest deprivation.